Department of Horticulture and Plantation Crops
The Nilgiri District is situated at the Northwestern part of the State and Western Ghats and surrounded by the Coimbatore and Erode District, Kerala State and Karnataka State are the eastern, Western and the Northern side respectively.
The Nilgiris District is a Horticultural District which occupies a special significance in hilly regions of Tamil Nadu. The Geographical area of the district is 2545 square Kilometre consists of 6 taluks and unique feature is that 56% of the total area under forest. The entire district is situated between 900-2636 meters above MSL. The average rainfall for the district is 1522.7 mm per annum.
The Nilgiris is a summer resort for the tourists which attracts the entire world. It is the home for all cultivated crops such as Vegetable, Fruits, Flowers, Spices and Plantation crops. The cultivation is done mainly in terraced lands and sometimes even on narrow slopes in some villages. The temperate crops such as Tea, Potato, Cabbage, Carrot, Beans, Plum, Peach, Pear etc are grown in the higher elevation, Mandarin orange, Coffee are grown in mid elevation and such tropical crops like clove, nutmeg, Pepper, Ginger fruits like Durian, Litchi, Rambutan, Mangosteen are grown in the lower elevation of this District.
The cultivation of Horticulture crops practised in the following 3 main seasons.
The vegetable crops can be grown in all the three seasons.
There are 83,125 farm families, are cultivating various crops in n area of 73406.00 Ha during the year 2019-2020.
It is being a Horticulture Department the following schemes are implemented for the benefit of Nilgiris farmers.
- Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)
- Micro Irrigation – (MI) Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchagee Yojana (PMKSY)
- Collective farming
- Special Area Development Programme (SADP)
- Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bhima Yojana (PMFBY)
- National Agricultural Development Programme (NADP)
1. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)
Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture is being implemented at 50% subsidy in The Nilgiris District to promote Holistic growth of Horticulture sector includes Distribution of planting materials, Creation of water Resources, Protected cultivation, Promotion of INM /IPM, Horticulture mechanization, Post harvest Management, Marketing infrastructure, Exotic vegetables cultivation and Training to farmers.
2. Micro Irrigation Under PMKSY (MI)
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana has been launched with a motto of providing “Per Drop More Crop” and end to solution in irrigation, supply chain viz, water sources, distribution network and farm level applications.
Effective use of available water to plants by adopting a Sprinkler system in The Nilgiri District.
- The subsidy pattern allotted to small and marginal farmers at 100% subsidy
- 75% subsidy to large farmers.
- Subsidy pattern to Vegetables and Tea.
3. Collective farming
The concept of Collective farming is to identify small and marginal farmers in a contiguous area and group them as Farmer’s Interest Groups (FIG) with 20 farmers. 5 FIG’s would be integrated into Farmer Producer Group (FPG) with 100 farmers. FIG and FPG are to be encouraged to adopt collective cultivation, collective purchasing of inputs to access credit facilities and market linkages.
In Nilgiris 80 FIG’s and 16 FPG’s were formed for the promotion of Collective farming. Corpus fund of Rs 5 lakhs were provided to each FPG after approval of Project Implementation Plan of FPG by the District Collector. In Nilgiris all 16 FPG’s will be federated into FPO (Farmer Producer Organization) by Agricultural Marketing Department.
4. Special Area Development Programme (SADP)
Under this Scheme Tea clones, Tea harvesting machine and Milching animals will distributed at subsidy cost. In additional to that encouraging organic growers in this district 45.00 Ha has been enmarked.
5. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bhima Yojana (PMFBY)
Annual Horticulture Crops like Potato, Banana, Tapioca, Ginger, Garlic, Carrot, Cabbage are notified for crop insurance scheme PMFBY in Nilgiris District. The Nilgiris District notified villages were given focus to cover under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bhima Yojana (PMFBY) crop insurance Scheme. Potato, Garlic, Carrot, Cabbage, Crop is covered under insurance in Udhagai, Coonoor and Kotagiri blocks and Banana, Tapioca and Ginger crops covered in Gudalur Block.
6. National Agricultural Development Programme (NADP)
The Horticulture Department is planned at bringing more area under Fruits in an area expansion component in about 236.00 Ha will supply Mandarin orange Budded Seedlings at subsidised cost.