The DRDA is the principle organ at the district level in implementing various anti-poverty Schemes of Government of India as well as State Government. The DRDA is visualized as a specialized and professional Agency, capable of implementing the anti-poverty programmes, and effectively carrying out the objectives to the rural masses. It helps in strengthening the rural infrastructure and bringing up the economic prospective of the villages with a key for the eradication of backwardness and poverty. DRDA is implementing number of schemes with an aim of enabling the rural people, improving their standard of living and eradication of poverty. The main thrust of the programmes implemented are removing the economic disparity and bringing people above poverty line.
District Rural Development Agency was formed under Tamil Nadu Society act in 1980. The Governing body of DRDA includes Member of Parliament(MP) Member of Legislative Assemblies(MLAs), District level officers of Development departments, banks, NGOs meet once in a quarter and review the schemes which are implemented through DRDA. The administrative cost of DRDA is met under the head “DRDA ADMN” shared between the central and state shared between the ratio of 75:25.
The following schemes are implemented through the District Rural Development Agency.
MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE SCHEME
Implementation of schemes:
- MGNREGS is a scheme constitutionally approved under MGNREG Act and funded by the Central Government 90% and state government 10%.
- Provides 100 days of guaranteed employment in a financial year for adult members in rural areas who are willing to do unskilled manual work.
- This scheme provides employment for livelyhood landless pays Rs 205/-per day on a weekly basis by e-Fms there by alleviate poverty in rural areas.
- Promotes management of natural resources like ponds, ooranies, Irrigation channels by desilting and create irrigation facilities. Provides horticulture, form ponds, Massive/Avenue Tree plantation works, construction of water harvesting structures like bunding, boulder checks, Gabion and concrete check dams construction of buildings for Village Panchayat office, VPSC, BPSC, Anganwadi, compound walls for schools, formation of roads under rural connectivity in convergence with other Government departments like Agriculture department, Fisheries and Forest Department.
- 3% of beneficiaries are reserved for differently abled persons for providing water to the workers, and caretakers of their children in the work site and for jungle clearance work.
INDIRA AWAAS YOJANA
Houses are constructed at free of cost for the members of SC/ST, freed bonded labourers and non-SC/ST members in rural areas living below the poverty level. The scheme is funded jointly by the Central and State Governments.
PRADHAN MANTRI AWAAS YOJANA – (G) 2016-17
- It is a centrally sponsored Scheme with fund sharing pattern of Central and State Government has been 60:40 ratio.
- The beneficiaries are selected from the priority basis from SECC Date approved by grama sabha.
- The Allocation pattern is for SC-57%, ST-3%, Minority-6.65%, and others-33.35%.
- The unit cost of the house is Rs.1.70/- Lakhs with provision of toilet under IHHL [at] Rs.12000/-.
SWACHH BHARAT MISSION (GRAMIN)
- It is a centrally sponsored scheme to accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas to achieve the goal of Open Defecation Free (ODF) Tamil Nadu and to sustain the practice of safe sanitation.
- The Unit cost of an IHHL in Rs. 12000/- under SBM(G) and MGNREGS, and paid through e – FMS.
- VPRC , PLF, SHGS and other community based organizations are used to influence the community to use the Toilets.
- The landless families are directed to use community Toilets like IWSC/IMSC.